Martial arts is a system or tradition in which physical combat are practiced as an art, for defense, competition or physical fitness. Though this was famous for their East Asian roots, the term was supposedly derived as early as in the 16th century. The name has a Greek origin which means the ‘Arts of Mars’, in honor of the Greek God of war Mars. There are many distinct types and schools of martial arts. They differ from master to master. Many types and styles of this cannot be differentiated with ancient folk wrestling. Though the differences between the two are negligible there are more than hundreds of different styles. Given below are some such famous styles.
This Japanese technique emphasizes on redirecting an attack which heads towards you. Aikido involves throws, strikes grabs and locks which uses the hand or the leg to prevent you from an attack. Usually this is one famous technique taught in martial arts classes. There has been controversy against one of its moves which involves preventing a knife attack coming on top of your head using bare hands. Later it was clarified that this technique was a derivation from the samurai, who indeed used their hands to defend themselves from swards.
Judo is another form of Japanese fighting. This is considered the parent game for many other techniques such as the Brazilian jiu-jitsu and Sambo. Judo doesn’t involve any punches or kicks, but only throwing or taking down the opponent. Therefore many martial arts classes practice judo as well.
Karate is a technique developed in Japan with the Chinese influence. One of the world’s most famous martial arts, Karate involves kicking, punching, open hand techniques, grappling joint locks etc. it was in the 60’s and the 70’s where karate became a break through technique. The popularity of films based on karate helped to heighten its popularity. Still a karate movie attracts as many as audience to the movie hall.
Kung Fu is Chinese martial arts that emphasize primarily on hand movements with kicking. Kung Fu is one that has many different schools and styles which makes it difficult in categorizing. One significant feature in Kung Fu is the use of weapons. Traditional weapons such as swords and spears are used along with some weapons unique to them. These weapons are used more often in demonstrations and sparring rather than in real battle.
Learning these has become a style among students and their parents these days. While it can be physically advantages for them, one should remember that these sports were founded long ago as a defense rather than an attack.